Version  1.0 
Unit Name  Engineering Surveying 
Unit Code  BCS205 
Unit History  Previously: BCS205S Engineering Surveying 
Unit Duration  1 Semester 
Award 
Bachelor of Science (Engineering) Duration 3 years 
Year Level  Two 
Unit Creator / Reviewer  N/A 
Common/Stream:  Stream 
Pre/Corequisites  N/A 
Credit Points 
3 Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3) 
Mode of Delivery  Online or oncampus. 
Unit Workload  (Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week) Prerecordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours Tutorial – 1.5 hours Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours Personal Study recommended – 5 hours 
Unit Description and General Aims
The objective in presenting this unit is to introduce students to surveying equipment, services, theory, measurement techniques, and introduce advanced engineering survey calculations.
Surveying is a key element in most civil engineering projects requiring the development of land and infrastructure. The services of the surveyor may be required at many stages of a construction project or project works requiring land development. At the conclusion of this unit, students will have acquired the requisite specialist knowledge to undertake many aspects of surveying work.
The subject matter covered in this unit will include surveying theory and its field practices; angular and distance measurement methods; and, survey adjustment techniques to data from a survey traverse. This will be contextualized to the latest developments in digital and automation technologies.
Learning Outcomes
 Apply a broad knowledge of surveying theory and its field practices.
Bloom's Level 3  Examine and apply angular and distance measurement methods.
Bloom's Level 4  Examine and apply survey adjustment techniques to data from a survey traverse.
Bloom's Level 4  Incorporate a broad knowledge of Global Positioning Systems into surveyed data.
Bloom's Level 2  Solve plane coordinate areas and volumetric problems (in realworld earthworks applications) using an automatic
level to undertake traverses by correctly reducing data.
Bloom's Level 4
Student assessment
Assessment Type  When assessed  Weighting (% of total unit marks)  Learning Outcomes Assessed 
Assessment 1 Type: Quiz (Invigilated) Students may complete a quiz with MCQtype answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts.

Due after Topic 3  10%  All 
Assessment 2 Type: Test (Invigilated) Description: Students will need to answer some short and/or long answer questions and/or solve some simple numerical problems. 
Due after Topic 6  25%  1, 2 
Assessment 3 Type: Practical (Report) Description: Students may complete a practical assessment based on problems to solve or a practical project to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts. 
Due after Topic 10  20%  3, 4 
Assessment 4 Type: Exam (Invigilated) Description: An examination with a mix of MCQs, theoretical short/detailed answer questions and engineering surveying problems. 
Final Week  40%  1 to 5 
Attendance & Tutorial Participation Description: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, selfassessment/reflection, case study analysis, application. 
Continuous  5%  1 to 5 
Overall requirements: Students must achieve a result of 40% or above in the exam itself to pass the exam, and must pass the exam to be able to pass the unit. An overall final unit score of 50% or above must be achieved to pass the unit assessment.
Prescribed and Recommended Readings
Required textbook(s):
 McCormac, JC, Sarasua, W & Davis, W 2022, Surveying, 7th Edition, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Reference Materials:
 Schofield, W & Breach M, 2007, Engineering Surveying, 7th Edition, Elsevier Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, UK. ISBN13: 9780750669498
 Uren, J & Price, WF 2006, Surveying for engineers, 4th Edition, Palgrave MacMillan, Basingstoke, England.
Unit Content
Topic 1
Basic concepts of surveying and measurement
 Definition
 Types of Surveys
 Modern Surveying Equipment
 Measurement
 Error and uncertainty
 Sources of Errors
 Systematic and Accidental or Random Errors
 Probability Curve
 Propagation of Accidental or Random Errors
 Significant Figures
 Field Notes
 Electronically Recorded Notes
 Planning of the Survey
Topic 2
Distance Measurement
 Introduction
 Pacing
 Tachymetry
 Taping or Chaining
 Electronic Distance Measurements
 Equipment required for taping
 Taping over level ground
 Taping along the sloping ground or over underbrush
Topic 3
Distance Corrections
 Types of Corrections
 Incorrect Tape Length or Standardization Error
 Temperature Variations
 Slope Corrections
 Sag and Tension Corrections
 Combined Taping Corrections
 Common Mistakes Made in Taping
 Errors in Taping
 Magnitude of Errors
 Suggestions For Good Taping
 Electronic Distance Measuring Instruments (EDMs)
Topics 4 & 5
Levelling
 Introduction
 Basic Definitions
 Reference Elevations or Datums
 First, Second, and ThirdOrder Surveys
 Methods of Leveling
 The Level
 Types of Levels
 Level Rods
 Setting Up the Level
 Sensitivity of bubble tubes
 Differential Leveling
 Earth’s Curvature and Atmospheric Refraction
 Verniers
 Level Rod Targets
 Common Leveling Mistakes
 Leveling errors
 Suggestions for Good Leveling
 Precision of differential leveling
 Hand signals
 Adjustments of Level Circuits
 Precise Leveling
 Profile Leveling
 Profiles
 Cross Sections
 Nonclosed Leveling Routes
Topic 6
Angles and Directions
 Meridians
 Units for Measuring Angles
 Azimuths
 Bearings
 The Compass
 Variations in Magnetic Declination
 Reading Bearings With a Compass
 Traverse
 Traverse computations
Topic 7
Measuring Angles and Directions with Total Stations
 Introduction to Total Stations
 Types of Total Stations
 Advantages and Disadvantages of Total Stations
 Parts of Total Stations
 Surveying with Total Stations
 Measuring Horizontal Angles
 Measuring Zenith Angles
 Use of Data Collectors with Total Stations
 Traversing in details
 Modern traversing with total stations
 Common errors in angle measurement
 Common mistakes in measuring angles
Topic 8
Traverse Adjustment and Area Computation
 Introduction
 Traverse adjustment overview
 Balancing angles
 Latitudes and departures
 Error of closure
 Balancing latitudes and departures
 Double meridian distances
 Rectangular coordinates
 Areas computed by coordinates
 Alternative coordinate method
 Areas within irregular boundaries
Topic 9
The Global Positioning System (GPS)
 Introduction to GPS
 Basic theory of GPS
 GPS errors
 Minimizing errors through differential correction
 Receivers
 GPS Field Applications
Topic 10
Earthworks & Volumes
 Introduction
 Slopes and slope stakes
 Partition of land
 Crosssections
 Measuring areas of irregular cross sections with a polarplanimeter
 Computation of earthwork volumes
 Mass diagram
 Accounting for shrinkage and swell
Topic 11
Horizontal and Vertical Curves
 Horizontal Curves
 Vertical Curves
 Introduction to Super Elevation Development
Topic 12
Unit Review
In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues.
Software/Hardware Used
Software

Software: AutoCAD and Excel (Optional)

Version: N/A

Instructions: N/A

Additional resources or files: N/A
Hardware
 N/A