Last Updated  S012021 
BCS205S
Unit Name  Engineering Surveying 
Unit Code  BCS205S 
Unit Duration  1 Semester 
Award 
Bachelor of Science (Engineering) Duration 3 years 
Year Level  Two or Three 
Unit Creator / Reviewer  N/A 
Core/Elective:  Core 
Pre/Corequisites  BSC101C 
Credit Points 
3 Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3) 
Mode of Delivery  Online or oncampus. 
Unit Workload  (Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery) Prerecordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours Tutorial – 1.5 hours Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours Personal Study recommended – 5 hours 
Unit Description and General Aims
The objective in presenting this unit is to introduce students to surveying equipment, services, theory, measurement techniques, and introduce advanced engineering survey calculations.
Surveying is a key element in most civil engineering projects requiring the development of land and infrastructure. The services of the surveyor may be required at many stages of a construction project or project works requiring land development. At the conclusion of this unit, students will have acquired the requisite specialist knowledge to undertake many aspects of surveying work.
The subject matter covered in this unit will include surveying theory and its field practices; angular and distance measurement methods; and, survey adjustment techniques to data from a survey traverse. This will be contextualised to the latest developments in digital and automation technologies.
Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:
 Demonstrate a broad knowledge of surveying theory and its field practices.
Bloom’s Level 2  Examine and apply angular and distance measurement methods.
Bloom’s Level 4  Examine and apply survey adjustment techniques to data from a survey traverse.
Bloom’s Level 4  Incorporate a broad knowledge of Global Positioning Systems into surveyed data.
Bloom’s Level 2  Solve plane coordinate areas and volumetric problems (in realworld earthworks applications) using an automatic level to undertake traverses by correctly reducing data.
Bloom’s Level 3
Student assessment
Assessment Type  When assessed  Weighting (% of total unit marks)  Learning Outcomes Assessed 
Assessment 1 Type: Multichoice test Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts. 
Due after Topic 3  15%  1 
Assessment 2 Type: Short answer questions Example Topic: Error and uncertainty, Measurement Techniques, Levelling, Distance measurement Students may be asked to provide solutions to simple problems on various topics. 
Due after Topic 6  20%  1, 2 
Assessment 3 Type: Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project / Report Example Topics: Interpretation of levelling survey and contours, existing land profile from survey data, horizontal alignment, grades and vertical profile of proposed works, geometry design for crosssections, area of crosssections, cutfill volume estimations etc., Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers or solve some simple problems or use software to complete a practical project. 
Due after Topic 10  20%  3, 4 
Assessment 4 Type: Examination Example Topic: All topics with an emphasis on Logarithms and Matrices An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours 
Final Week  40%  1 to 5 
Attendance / Tutorial Participation Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, selfassessment/reflection, case study analysis, application. 
Continuous  5%  1 to 5 
Prescribed and Recommended Readings
Required textbook(s)
McCormac, JC, Sarasua, W & Davis, W 2012, Surveying, 6th Edition, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Reference Materials
Schoﬁeld, W & Breach M, 2007, Engineering Surveying, 7th Edition, Elsevier Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, UK. ISBN–13: 9780750669498
Uren, J & Price, WF 2006, Surveying for engineers, 4th Edition, Palgrave MacMillan, Basingstoke, England.
Unit Content
Topic 1
Basic concepts of surveying and measurement
• Definition
• Types of Surveys
• Modern Surveying Equipment
• Measurement
• Error and uncertainty
• Sources of Errors
• Systematic and Accidental or Random Errors
• Probability Curve
• Propagation of Accidental or Random Errors
• Significant Figures
• Field Notes
• Electronically Recorded Notes
• Planning of the Survey
Topic 2
Distance Measurement
• Introduction
• Pacing
• Tachymetry
• Taping or Chaining
• Electronic Distance Measurements
• Equipment required for taping
• Taping over level ground
• Taping along the sloping ground or over underbrush
Topic 3
Distance Corrections
• Types of Corrections
• Incorrect Tape Length or Standardization Error
• Temperature Variations
• Slope Corrections
• Sag and Tension Corrections
• Combined Taping Corrections
• Common Mistakes Made in Taping
• Errors in Taping
• Magnitude of Errors
• Suggestions For Good Taping
• Electronic Distance Measuring Instruments (EDMs)
Topics 4 & 5
Levelling
• Introduction
• Basic Definitions
• Reference Elevations or Datums
• First, Second, and ThirdOrder Surveys
• Methods of Leveling
• The Level
• Types of Levels
• Level Rods
• Setting Up the Level
• Sensitivity of bubble tubes
• Differential Leveling
o Earth’s Curvature and Atmospheric Refraction
o Verniers
o Level Rod Targets
o Common Leveling Mistakes
o Leveling errors
o Suggestions for Good Leveling
o Precision of differential leveling
o Hand signals
• Adjustments of Level Circuits
• Precise Leveling
• Profile Leveling
• Profiles
• Cross Sections
• Nonclosed Leveling Routes
Topic 6
Angles and Directions
• Meridians
• Units for Measuring Angles
• Azimuths
• Bearings
• The Compass
• Variations in Magnetic Declination
• Reading Bearings With a Compass
• Traverse
• Traverse computations
Topic 7
Measuring Angles and Directions with Total Stations
• Introduction to Total Stations
• Types of Total Stations
• Advantages and Disadvantages of Total Stations
• Parts of Total Stations
• Surveying with Total Stations
• Measuring Horizontal Angles
• Measuring Zenith Angles
• Use of Data Collectors with Total Stations
• Traversing in details
• Modern traversing with total stations
• Common errors in angle measurement
• Common mistakes in measuring angles
Topic 8
Traverse Adjustment and Area Computation
• Introduction
• Traverse adjustment overview
• Balancing angles
• Latitudes and departures
• Error of closure
• Balancing latitudes and departures
• Double meridian distances
• Rectangular coordinates
• Areas computed by coordinates
• Alternative coordinate method
• Areas within irregular boundaries
Topic 9
The Global Positioning System (GPS)
• Introduction to GPS
• Basic theory of GPS
• GPS errors
• Minimizing errors through differential correction
• Receivers
• GPS Field Applications
Topic 10
Earthworks & Volumes
• Introduction
• Slopes and slope stakes
• Partition of land
• Crosssections
• Measuring areas of irregular cross sections with a polarplanimeter
• Computation of earthwork volumes
• Mass diagram
• Accounting for shrinkage and swell
Topic 11
Horizontal and Vertical Curves
 Horizontal Curves
 Vertical Curves
 Introduction to Super Elevation Development
Topic 12
Unit Review
In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues.
Software/Hardware Used
Software

Software: AutoCAD and Excel (Optional)

Version: N/A

Instructions: N/A

Additional resources or files: N/A
Hardware
 N/A