Last Updated S012019


Unit Name Fundamentals of Electronics
Unit Code BEE106S
Unit Duration 1 Semester

Bachelor of Science (Engineering)

Duration 3 years    

Year Level One
Unit Creator / Reviewer N/A
Core/Elective: Sub-discipline
Pre/Co-requisites BSC102C
Credit Points


Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery Online or on-campus. 
Unit Workload (Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery)
Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours
Tutorial – 1.5 hours
Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours
Personal Study recommended – 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims

The objective in presenting this unit is to impart to students the fundamentals of electronic technology, in order to deepen their knowledge of the electronic devices that are part of the different technologies that surround us.

The subject matter covered in this unit will include but is not limited to: semiconductors; unipolar/bipolar transistors; operational amplifiers; and, solid state devices.

The practical work component of this unit will further develop students’ design, testing, and troubleshooting skills using various test equipment.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Recognize and interpret the basic structure of solids, types of semiconductors, and other electronic components and devices which are used for different electronic functions.
    Bloom’s Level 4
  2. Apply the diode current equation, and explain the characteristics of some common applications.
    Bloom’s Level 3
  3. Use FET and BJT as amplifiers and switches.
    Bloom’s Level 3
  4. Prepare different OPAMP Circuits such as Inverting Amp, Non-Inverting Amp, Comparator Adder / Subtractor, I/V, V/I Converters, A/D, and D/A Converters.
    Bloom’s Level 3
  5. Analyze and describe pulse circuit operations and their associated waveforms.
    Bloom’s Level 4
  6. Use software to draw simple diode, transistor and OPAMP circuits
    Bloom’s Level 6

Student assessment

Assessment Type When assessed Weighting (% of total unit marks) Learning Outcomes Assessed

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions

Example Topic: Semiconductors, electric potential, resistivity, Ohm’s law in conjunction with the structure and properties of solids, Diodes.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts.

Due After Topic 3 15% 1, 2

Assessment 2 - mid-semester test

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Transistors.

Students may provide solutions to simple problems on various topics

Due After Topic 6 20% 3

Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

Example Topic: Applications of OPAMP circuits, pulse circuit operations, and their waveforms, draw circuits using the software.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers or solve some simple problems or use software to complete a practical.

Due After Topic 9 20% 4, 5, 6

Assessment 4

Type: Examination

Example Topic: All topics

An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours

Final Week 40% 1 to 5

Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.

Continuous 5% 1 to 6

Prescribed and Recommended readings

Suggested Textbook

  1. R. L. Boylestad, Electronic Devices and Circuits, 11th Edn. Pearson, 2012 - ISBN: 978-0132622264

Reference Materials

  1. Elsevier Knovel eLibrary resources
  2. Rashid, MH 2011. Power Electronics Handbook - Devices, Circuits, and Applications. 3rd edn. Elsevier. Online version available via the EIT eLibrary
  3. Mehta, VK 2005, Principles of Electronics, 7th edn, S Chand & Co Ltd, ISBN-13: 978-8121924504


Unit Content

Topic 1

Structure of solids

1. Electric circuits review
2. Kirchoff’s Voltage/Current Laws
3. Solid-state switching vs electromechanical relays
4. Structure of matter
5. Semiconductor materials

Topic 2

PN Junction Diodes

1. PN junction
2. Diode characteristics
3. Resistance levels
4. Types and applications of diodes

Topic 3

Bipolar Junction Transistors

1. Construction of BJT transistors
2. Configuration
3. Transistor ratings

Topic 4

Field Effect Transistors

1. FET principle
2. FET Biasing
3. FET impedance determination

Topic 5

Transistors as Amplifiers and Switches

1. BJT load line analysis
2. BJT and FET as amplifiers
3. BJT and FET as switches

Topic 6

Operational Amplifiers

1. Operational amplifiers basics
2. Operational amplifiers connections
3. Operational amplifiers applications

Topic 7

Waveform Analysis

1. Analog vs Digital
2. Waveform basics
3. Differentiators and Integrators
4. Signal conditioning circuits

Topic 8

Pulse Generating Circuits

1. Basics of oscillators
2. Phase-shift oscillators
3. Wien-Bridge oscillator

Topic 9

Introduction to Logic Circuits

1. Introduction to binary
2. Logic gates
3. Truth tables
4. Introduction to flip-flops
5. Introduction to multiplexers

Topic 10

Timing, Relay, and Digital Circuits

1. RC charging circuits
2. Unijunction Transistors (UJT)
3. UJT-based relaxation oscillators
4. 555 Timer IC

Topic 11

Thyristor (PNPN) Control Devices

1. Introduction to latching
2. Silicon-Controlled Rectifiers (Thyristors)
3. Other PNPN devices
4. Phase-control applications
5. Solid-State Relays
6. Exam revision

Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

Software/Hardware Used



  • 130in1 Electronic Hardware Kit (Optional - to show electronics