Last Updated S012019


Unit Name Electrical Utilisation Engineering
Unit Code BEE301S
Unit Duration 1 Semester

Bachelor of Science (Engineering)

Duration 3 years    

Year Level Three
Unit Creator / Reviewer N/A
Core/Sub-discipline: Sub-discipline
Pre/Co-requisites BSC107C, BEE108S
Credit Points


Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery Online or on-campus. 
Unit Workload (Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery)
Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours
Tutorial – 1.5 hours
Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours
Personal Study recommended – 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims

The objective of this unit is to provide students with broad knowledge of the many ways the majority of generated electricity is utilised in day-to-day activities. Areas of utilisation covered in this unit include: lighting (illumination engineering); heating (heating appliances and furnaces); electrical welding; electroplating; climate control applications; and, electric traction. Each of these areas includes discussions of several types of devices, their characteristics, and advantages and disadvantages. Students will also undertake a project to design the illumination and heating of a facility in an industrial context. At the completion of this unit, students will have be given the requisite information to work with systems that utilise electrical energy in day-to-day living, and in industrial and transportation operations.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Explain the different types of electrical illumination sources, their control-gear, and compare the relative merits of different sources.
    Bloom’s Level 4
  2. Design a general illumination system based on the accepted principles of aesthetics and visual comfort, and a control system to optimise power usage.
    Bloom’s Level 6
  3. Analyse available electrical heating methods and use simple computations to assess their applications.
    Bloom’s Level 4
  4. Evaluate the different industrial operations using electricity, such as welding and plating.
    Bloom’s Level 5
  5. Analyse using numerical computations the use of electricity in industrial refrigeration and climate control applications.
    Bloom’s Level 4
  6. Explain and compare the different types of electrical traction systems and their applications using appropriate numerical calculations.
    Bloom’s Level 4

Student assessment

Assessment Type When assessed Weighting (% of total unit marks) Learning Outcomes Assessed

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Illumination Engineering.

Students will complete a quiz with MCQ type answers to 30 questions to demonstrate a detailed knowledge of illumination requirements and design methods.

Due after Topic 5 15% 1, 2

Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Electrical heating and welding.

Students will complete a test with about 20 questions consisting of numerical problems and short answer questions (each to be answered in less than 100 words and explanatory diagrams) to demonstrate a detailed knowledge of electrical heating and welding applications in industry.

Due after Topic 9 20% 3, 4

Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation /Project / Report

Example Topic: Students will undertake a project to design the illumination and heating of a facility in an industrial context.

Due after Topic 11 20% 2, 3

Assessment 4

Type: Examination

An examination with a mix of detailed essay type questions and numerical problems to be completed within 2 hours.

Final Week 40% All

Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.

Continuous 5%  

Prescribed and Recommended Readings

Required textbook(s)

S. Sivanagaraju, M. Balasubba Reddy, D. Srilatha, Generation and Utilization of Electrical Energy. Pearson Education, 2010 - ISBN 978-8131733325

Reference Materials

Taylor, EO, (SI Edition) 1971, Utilisation of Electric Energy, Orient Longmans, ISBN 81 250 1640 6

‘Light, Photometry and Illumination’ by Barrows, William Edward. McGraw Hill
References from the Internet - an example of a document on power supply arrangements for railway traction can be found in: Chapter I: Power Supply for Traction.

Unit Content

Topics 1 and 2

Fundamentals of illumination

1. Nature of light. Light as electromagnetic radiation
2. Visible and invisible parts of the spectrum; colour and its relation to the radiation frequency
3. Definitions
4. Traditional light sources, their construction, and working principles:
a. Incandescent
b. Fluorescent and compact fluorescent
c. Low pressure discharge lamps and their applications
d. High pressure discharge lamps and sodium vapour lamps
5. Solid state light sources (LED)
6. Control of light sources and starting methods
7. Luminaires and their function
8. Lighting level measurements using photometers
9. Lightning for architectural enhancement
10. Comparison of light sources
11. Light output variation during lamp life
12. Lighting for energy efficiency.

Topics 3 and 4

Lighting design fundamentals and lighting system control

1. Basic approach to design of lighting based on the lamp output
2. Glare and glare index
3. Interior general lighting design by average lumens method
4. Effect of room dimensions, wall and ceiling reflectivity factors, and coefficient of illumination
5. Task lighting to supplement general lighting
6. Outdoor area lighting using point to point method
7. Design output in graphical representation (equi-lux plots)
8. Street lighting design fundamentals and luminaires overview
9. Lighting masts for public areas and for sports venues
10. Use of daylight to supplement electrical lighting
11. Lightning power distribution
12. Lightning controls in offices to minimise power usage
13. Street lighting-automatic switching methods

Topics 5 and 6

Electrical heating and furnaces

1. Heat equivalent of electricity
2. Resistance heating and resistive heating elements
3. Control of resistance heating of switching/voltage control
4. Use of solid state controls
5. Induction heating fundamentals/heating calculations
6. Induction furnaces and their applications
a. Core type furnace
b. Coreless induction furnace
7. Dielectric heating principles
8. Calculation of heat output and industrial applications
9. Electrical heating in domestic applications (resistance, induction, and dielectric methods)
10. Comparison of the heating methods
11. Electric arc as a source of heat
12. Arc furnaces – general principles
13. AC and DC electric arc furnaces
14. A typical application of AC 3 phase arc furnace for the smelting of steel
15. Control of arc furnace by electrode position and transformer voltage control

Topics 7 and 8

Welding and electro-plating/refining applications

1. Types of welding used in the industry based on heat sources
2. Type of welding based on weld piece positioning (butt-welds, lap) and weld piece shaping
3. Electric arc welding
4. Resistance welding
5. Spot welders and seam welders
6. AC and DC welding sources and comparison
7. Electrodes used in arc welding
8. Special welding processes used for electrical components (aluminium) using inert-gas environment
9. Welding transformers and welding generators
10. Reactor control and voltage control for welding
11. Solid state welding controls
12. Typical industrial applications

Topic 9

Electrolysis, metal-refining based on electrolysis and electroplating

1. Electrolysis fundamentals/definitions
2. Faraday’s laws on electrolysis
3. Calculation of the mass of a substance release in electrolysis
4. Industrial application: hydrogen through electrolysis
5. Electro-refining: extraction of metals using electrolysis principles
6. Aluminium production process
7. Zinc refining
8. Electro-plating and its uses in industry
9. Choice of electrolyte and its throwing power

Topic 10

Refrigeration and climate control

1. Need for refrigeration and climate control
2. Compression systems and absorption cycles of refrigeration
3. Typical equipment used in vapour compression systems with specific reference to
a. Air-conditioners
b. Refrigerators
c. Water coolers
4. Space cooling applications using air-conditioners, heaters and de-humidifiers
5. Types of air-conditioning equipment
6. Refrigerants used in vapour compression systems (possible environmental issues)
7. Vapour absorption equipment for industrial applications
8. Ventilation systems in industry as a means of heat removal
9. Dust extraction and other negative pressure systems for a healthy work environment

Topic 11

Electric traction

1. Electric traction types: DC, AC (single and 3 phase), diesel-electric
2. Traction service types: mainline, suburban, and urban transportation
3. Speed-time curves of different systems
4. A typical block diagram of an electric locomotive
5. Track electrification and current collector systems
6. Speed control and reversal
7. Braking methods (with particular reference to regenerative braking)
8. Power supply for traction systems and a typical traction substation scheme

Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

Software/Hardware Used


  • Software: Philips Product Selector

  • Version: N/A

  • Instructions:  N/A

  • Additional resources or files: N/A


  • N/A