Last Updated S012019


Unit Name Principles of Chemical Engineering
Unit Code BIA106S
Unit Duration 1 Semester

Bachelor of Science (Engineering)

Duration 3 years    

Year Level One
Unit Creator / Reviewer N/A
Core/Sub-Discipline: Sub-discipline
Pre/Co-requisites Nil
Credit Points


Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery Online or on-campus. 
Unit Workload (Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery)
Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours
Tutorial – 1.5 hours
Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours
Personal Study recommended – 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims

The objective in presenting this unit is to impart to students the fundamental principles of chemical engineering – stoichiometry, process variables, material balance, single and multi-phase systems, and thermodynamics. The subject matter covered in this unit will also include process equipment design and layout, accompanied by examples of common industrial processes such as distillation, evaporation, condensation, and piping and instrumentation, all based on standard industrial practices. 

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Comprehend and apply the fundamental principles of chemical engineering.
    Bloom's Level 3
  2. Examines Stoichiometry fundamentals and solve equations in relation to basic chemical engineering principles.
    Bloom's Level 4
  3. Underline the importance of sustainable and environmental considerations in chemical processes.
    Bloom's Level 2
  4. Evaluate the basic requirements and principles of process plant layout and design.
    Bloom's Level 5
  5. Interpret the typical process plant layout documentation.
    Bloom's Level 4
  6. Create plant piping documentation.
    Bloom's Level 6

Student assessment

Assessment Type When assessed Weighting (% of total unit marks) Learning Outcomes Assessed

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Chemical systems, processes

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts.

Due after Topic 3 15% 1

Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Material balance, single-phase and multi-phase systems

Students may provide solutions to simple problems on the listed topics.

Due after Topic 6 20% 2

Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project / Report

Example Topic: Thermodynamics, reactive and non-reactive processes, sustainable and environmental considerations, process plant layout and equipment design

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers or solve some simple problems or using software to complete a practical.

Due after Topic 9 20% 3, 4

Assessment 4

Type: Examination

Example Topic: All topics

An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours

Final Week 40% 1 to 6

Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.

Continuous 5% 1 to 6

Prescribed and Recommended Readings

Suggested Textbook

• Ghasem, N, Henda, R 2014, Principles of Chemical Engineering Processes – Material and Energy Balances, 2nd edn, CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-1482222289

Reference Materials

• Couper, JR, Penney, WR, Fair, JR & Walas, SM 2012, Chemical Process Equipment - Selection and Design, 3rd edn, Elsevier,

ISBN 978-0-12-397236-1.Online version available at:

• Peer reviewed Journals

• Knovel library:

• IDC Technologies publications

• Other material and online collections as advised during the lectures

Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.


Topics 1 and 2

Introduction to Chemical Systems and Processes

1. Introduction to Chemical Processes (diagrams – flow, process & instrumentation, isometric, CAD)
2. Fundamentals of Stoichiometry (basic chemistry, mole, equation balancing, gas laws, flow balances, reaction classifications, yield)
3. Process and process variables (mass, volume, flow, pressure, temperature, and etc.)
4. The importance of sustainable and environmental considerations in chemical processes.

Topics 3, 4, 5

Foundations of Chemical Engineering – Part 1

1. Fundamentals of material balance (calculations recycle and bypass, Stoichiometry, and etc.)
2. Single-Phase systems (solid and liquid densities, ideal gases, equations of state)
3. Principles of multiphase systems

Topics 6 and 7

Foundations of Chemical Engineering – Part 2

1. Thermodynamics (laws, energy balances for open and closed systems, and etc.)
2. Reactive and non-reactive processes
3. Sustainable and Environmental considerations

Topics 8 and 9

Foundations of Chemical Engineering – Part 3

  1. Process equipment design
  2. Process plant layout (criteria, Front End Engineering Design, piping, and etc.)
  3. Unit operations (distillation, evaporation, condensation, and etc.)
  4. Unit processes (alkylation chlorination, and etc.)
  5. Safety and Loss Prevention
  6. Introduction to Process and Instrumentation Diagrams


Topics 10 and 11

P&ID, Safety and Plant Layout

1. Pipe design, routing and documentation (specification and codes, isometrics, modelling, and etc.)
2. Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)
3. Site location and Equipment spacing,

Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

Software/Hardware Used


  • Software: UniSim Design by Honeywell

  • Version: R460.1 build 21106

  • Instructions: Use remote Lab to access this software.

  • Additional resources or files: N/A



  • Hardware: N/A