Last Updated S022020


Unit Name Process Plant Layout, Piping and Pipeline Systems
Unit Code BME205S
Unit Duration 1 Semester

Bachelor of Science (Engineering)

Duration 3 years    

Year Level Two
Unit Creator / Reviewer Dr. Milind Siddhpura
Core/Sub-Discipline: Sub-discipline
Pre/Co-requisites BSC103C, BSC203C
Credit Points


Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery Online or on-campus. 
Unit Workload (Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery)
Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours
Tutorial – 1.5 hours
Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours
Personal Study recommended – 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims

The objective in presenting this unit is to impart to students the fundamental principles and concepts used in process plant layout and piping and pipeline design.

The subject matter covered in this unit will include the many considerations and requirements that are integral to the process of plant layout such as specifications; equipment arrangements; plot plans; Process and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs); and, design documentation. Applicable codes and standards, issues related to design and construction practices, and the assessment of optimum routing and layout techniques will also be examined. Case studies and practical exercises are employed throughout this unit to assist students’ assimilation of unit contents, particularly piping concepts.

At the conclusion of this unit, students will have been imparted with the requisite knowledge and skills to prepare plant layout specifications, plot plans, and P&IDs; evaluate pipeline design principles and procedures; and, recognise the underlying causes behind piping degradation, assess damage, and undertake repairs.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Examine the basics of process plant layout and design.
    Bloom's Level 4
  2. Prepare plant layout specifications, plot plans, and P & IDs.
    Bloom's Level 6
  3. Identify piping system components.
    Bloom's Level 3
  4. Evaluate pipeline design principles and procedures.
    Bloom's Level 5
  5. Apply the relevant data and tools for pipeline routing.
    Bloom's Level 3
  6. Calculate forces and stresses in pipelines.
    Bloom's Level 3
  7. Assess pipelines for damage / degradation and undertake repairs.
    Bloom's Level 5

Student assessment

Assessment Type When assessed Weighting (% of total unit marks) Learning Outcomes Assessed

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test 

Example Topic: Process flow diagrams, equipment drawings and specifications, plot plans.

Students will complete a quiz with MCQ type answers to 20 questions to demonstrate relevant knowledge of the basics of process plant layout.

Due after Topic 3 10% 1, 2

Assessment 2

Type: Short answer questions 

Example Topic: P&IDs, control valve manifolds, meter runs, piping specifications and codes.

Students will be required to interpret P&IDs and answer questions related to piping design documentation and piping components.

Due after Topic 5 20% 2, 3

Assessment 3

Type: Practical

Example Topic: Pipeline design and routing.

Students will be using VFO (Virtual Field Operator) to complete this simulation practical.

Due after Topic 10 20% 4, 5, 6

Assessment 4

Type: Examination

Example Topic: All topics

An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours

Final Week 40% 1 to 7

Tutorial Participation/Attendance + Weekly Homework*

* Tutorial participation/attendance will be 5% and weekly homework will be 5%. Students need to submit weekly homework discussed and assigned during the live tutorial.

Continuous 10% 1 to 7

Prescribed and Recommended Readings


Fundamentals of Process Plant Layout and Piping Design, IDC Technologies, Perth
Pipeline Systems: Design, Construction, Maintenance and Asset Management, IDC Technologies, Perth


Bausbacher, E & Hunt, R 1993, Process Plant Layout and Piping Design, 1st edn, Prentice Hall, ISBN-13: 978-0131386297

Journal, website

Notes and Reference Texts

IDC Technologies
Other material advised during the lectures

Unit Content

Topic 1


1. Plant layout fundamentals
2. Procedures and workflow methods
3. Physical quantities and units
4. Process Flow Diagrams (PFDs)
5. Equipment used in process plants
6. Equipment drawings and specifications

Topic 2

Plant Layout and Plot Plans

1. Plant layout specifications
2. Guidelines and codes for plant layout
3. Safety considerations
4. Plot plans
5. Equipment arrangement drawings

Topic 3

Process and Instrumentation Diagrams (P&IDs)

1. Fundamentals of P&IDs
2. Instruments and instrument symbols
3. Layout and components of control valve manifolds
4. Layout and components of meter runs

Topic 4

Plant Layout and Piping Design Documentation and Tools

1. Equipment arrangement drawings
2. Equipment lists
3. Piping line lists
4. Piping specifications and codes
5. Piping isometrics
6. Bills of Material
7. 3D models

Topic 5

Piping Fundamentals, System Components, and Materials

1. Basics of piping
2. Fittings
3. Flanges
4. Valves
5. Material classification system and specifications
6. Piping specifications
7. Material selection

Topic 6

Overview of Pipeline Systems

1. Pipeline basics
2. Factors influencing pipeline design
3. Pipeline construction fundamentals
4. Pipeline design principles – hydraulics, mechanical design, and materials of construction
5. Pipeline economics

Topic 7

Pipeline Design Standards

1. Standards development
2. International and local codes applicable to pipelines
3. Changes to regulations
4. Pipeline design steps
5. Fluids and gases transported

Topic 8

Routing Techniques and Environmental Considerations

1. Factors influencing piping routing
2. Investigation of pipeline routing techniques
3. Tools and data used in pipeline routing
4. Environmental issues to consider during planning
5. Design considerations with respect to the environment

Topics 9 and 10

Mechanical design of Pipelines, Components, and Materials

1. Forces and stresses in pipelines
2. Specified minimum yield strength of pipeline materials
3. Mechanical design equations: calculations of Maximum Allowable Pressure (MAP) and minimum required wall thickness of pipelines
4. Sustained loads in pipelines
5. Thermal expansion/contraction of materials
6. Pumps and compressors
7. Optimal pipe size vs. location of pump/compressor stations
8. Optimal pipeline construction material

Topic 11

Corrosion, Assessment, Repairs, and Maintenance

1. Practical corrosion
2. Classification of corrosion mechanisms
3. Internal corrosion – chemical treatment, inhibitors and biocides
4. External corrosion – coatings and cathodic protection
5. Pipeline Integrity Programs

Topic 12

 Unit Review

In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.


Software/Hardware Used


  • Software 1: DSS-100 (Dynamic Simulator System)
  • Version: 100
  • Instructions:
  • Additional resources or files: N/A
  • Software 2: VFO-720 (Virtual Field Operator)
  • Version: 720
  • Instructions:
  • Additional resources or files: N/A
  • Software 3:PASS Start-Prof
  • Version: 4.84 R5
  • Instructions: Go to Remote Lab
  • Additional resources or files: N/A


  • N/A