|Unit Name||Heat and Mass Transfer|
|Unit Duration||1 Semester|
Bachelor of Science (Engineering)
Duration 3 years
|Unit Creator||Dr. Vinnu Madhav / Dr. Milind Siddhpura|
Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)
|Mode of Delivery||Online or on-campus.|
|Unit Workload||(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery)
Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours
Tutorial – 1.5 hours
Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours
Personal Study recommended – 5 hours
Unit Description and General Aims
The objective in presenting this unit is to provide students with detailed knowledge of heat and mass transfer concepts.
The subject matter covered in this unit will include: an introduction to the fundamental principles and basic laws governing conduction, convection, and radiation heat transfer; heat flow mechanisms; an examination of how fins are designed for maximum efficiency; and, transient temperature charts.
Students will also be instructed on: boundary layer concepts; distinguishing between the physical mechanisms concerning natural and forced convection; dimensional analysis as applied to convection; the basic steps in specifying heat exchanger requirements, selecting an appropriate type for a particular application, and employing LMTD and NTU methods of heat exchanger analysis; drawing analogies between heat and mass transfer mechanisms; and, examining diffusion and convective mass transfer principles in detail.
Project work involving the different aspects of the design and selection of fins, and heat exchangers will also be a component of the unit requirements.
At the conclusion of this unit, students will have been imparted with the requisite knowledge to undertake work utilizing heat and mass transfer concepts such as designing and analysing heat transfer equipment, and specifying and selecting heat exchangers for various applications.
On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:
- Demonstrate knowledge of heat and mass transfer mechanisms and principles.
Bloom's Level 3
- Solve steady-state and transient conduction problems.
Bloom's Level 3
- Design heat transfer equipment and perform analysis.
Bloom's Level 6
- Differentiate and explain the relation between thermal and boundary layers.
Bloom's Level 4
- Distinguish between natural and forced convection mechanisms.
Bloom's Level 4
- Apply heat transfer correlations in two-phase heat transfer.
Bloom's Level 3
- Compare and select heat exchangers for various applications.
Bloom's Level 5
- Calculate radiation from a blackbody, gray and diffuse surfaces.
Bloom's Level 3
Weighting (% of total unit marks)
Learning Outcomes Assessed (Topics covered)
Type: Weekly Quizzes
Description: Students will need to complete multiple-choice quiz questions to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts.
All (Topics 2-11)
Type: Test (Invigilated)
Description: Students will need to answer some short and/or long answer questions and/or solve some numerical problems.
After Topic 5
3, 4, 5 (Topics 1-5)
Type: Practical (Report)
Description: Students will need to complete this practical project using a software.
After Topic 9
3, 6, 7 (Topics 1-9)
Type: Exam (Invigilated)
Description: An examination with a mix of theoretical short/detailed answer questions and some engineering problems.
All (All topics)
Tutorial Attendance & Participation
Description: Attendance, presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.
Overall requirements: Students must achieve a result of 40% or above in the exam itself to pass the exam, and must pass the exam to be able to pass the unit. An overall final unit score of 50% or above must be achieved to pass the unit assessment.
Prescribed and Recommended Readings
Yunus Cengel and Afshin Ghajar, 2020, Heat and Mass Transfer: Fundamentals and Applications, 6th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, ISBN 13: 9780073398198.
Bergman, TL, Incropera, FP & Lavine, AS 2018, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 8th edn, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 978-1-119-35388-1
Holman, J 2010, Heat Transfer, 10th edn, McGraw-Hill Education, ISBN: 978-0073529363
Ozisik, MN 2018, Heat Transfer, MEDTECH A Division of Scientific International Pvt. Ltd , ISBN: 978-93-87938-18-2
Kreith, F, Manglik, R & Bohn, M 2010, Principles of Heat Transfer, 7th edn (revised), Cengage Learning, 2010, ISBN: 9780495667704
Nag, PK 2011, Heat and Mass Transfer, 3rd edn, Tata McGraw-Hill Education, ISBN: 978-0070702530
Notes and Reference Texts
Knovel library: http://app.knovel.com
Other material advised during the lectures
1. Modes of heat transfer
2. Basic laws governing conduction, convection, and radiation heat transfer
3. Thermal conductivity
4. Fourier’s, Newton’s, and Stefan Boltzmann’s Law
5. The convective heat transfer coefficient
6. Radiation heat transfer
7. Combined heat transfer mechanism
8. Boundary conditions
Conduction – Part 1
1. Thermal conductivity of solids, liquids, and gases
2. Factors influencing conductivity measurement
3. General differential equation of conduction
4. One dimensional steady state conduction
5. Linear heat flow through a plane and composite wall, tube, and sphere
6. Critical thickness of insulation
7. Effect of variable thermal conductivity
Conduction – Part 2
1. Conduction with heat generation in slabs, cylinders, and spheres
2. Conduction in solids with negligible internal temperature gradient (lumped system analysis)
3. Use of transient temperature charts (Heisler’s charts) for transient conduction in slabs, long cylinders, and spheres
4. Use of transient temperature charts for transient conduction in semi-infinite solids
1. Conduction convection system
2. Extended surfaces – rectangular, triangular, circumferential, and pin fins
3. Conduction analysis
4. Fins of uniform and non-uniform cross-sectional area
5. Heat dissipated by fins
6. Effectiveness and efficiency of fins
7. Design of fins for maximum heat transfer
Concepts and Basic Relations in Boundary Layers
1. Flow over a body velocity boundary layer
2. Critical Reynold’s Number
3. Drag coefficient and drag force
4. Thermal boundary layer
5. General expression for local heat transfer coefficient
6. Average heat transfer coefficient
7. Flow inside a duct-velocity boundary layer
Natural and Forced Convection
1. Physical mechanism of natural convection
2. Application of dimensional analysis for natural convection
3. Grashoff number
4. Empirical relationship for natural convection
5. Physical mechanism of forced convection
6. Application of dimensional analysis for forced convection
7. Physical significance of Reynold’s, Prandtl, Nusselt, and Stanton numbers
8. Flow over plates, flow across cylinders and spheres and flow in tubes
Two-Phase Heat Transfer
1. Boiling heat transfer
2. Pool boiling
3. Boiling regimes and boiling curve
4. Pool boiling correlations
5. Condensation heat transfer
6. Film condensation
7. Derivation of average heat transfer coefficient for laminar film condensation over vertical plate
8. Heat transfer correlations for inclined plates, vertical tubes, horizontal bank tubes
1. Heat exchanger classification
2. Heat exchanger performance
3. Heat exchanger transfer units
4. Overall heat transfer coefficient
5. Fouling and fouling factor
6. LMTD, NTU methods of analysis of heat exchangers
Radiation Heat Transfer – Part 1
2. Absorption and reflection of radiant energy
3. Emission, radiosity and irradiation
4. Black and non-black bodies
5. Stefan-Boltzmann’s Law, Kirchhoff’s Law, Planck’s Law, and Wein’s Displacement Law
Radiation Heat Transfer – Part 2
1. Radiation heat exchange between two parallel infinite black surfaces
2. Radiation heat exchange between two parallel infinite grey surfaces
3. Non-luminous gas radiation
4. Intensity of radiation and solid angle
5. Effect of radiation shield
6. Lambert’s law; radiation heat exchange between two finite surfaces – configuration factor
1. Mass and mole concentrations
2. Molecular diffusion
3. Eddy diffusion
4. Molecular diffusion from an evaporating fluid surface
5. Convective mass transfer
6. Wet and dry bulb thermometer
In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.
- Software: Interactive Heat Transfer software, Microsoft Excel
- Version: 4.0
- Instructions: Download link http://bcs.wiley.com/he-bcs/Books?action=resource&bcsId=6563&itemId=0470501979&resourceId=25674
- Additional resources or files: N/A