|Unit Name||Industrial Instrumentation And Control|
|Unit Duration||1 Term|
Bachelor of Science (Engineering)
Duration 3 years
|Unit Creator / Reviewer||Reviewer: Ali Marzoughi (previously BIA108S)|
|Common/Stream:||Stream (BIA & BEE)|
Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)
|Mode of Delivery||Online or on-campus.|
|Unit Workload||(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)
Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours
Tutorial – 1.5 hours
Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours
Personal Study recommended – 5 hours
Unit Description and General Aims
The objective in presenting this unit is to introduce students to the basic principles of process instrumentation and control. The subject matter covered in this unit will include: the underlying principles of measurement science, in conjunction with the principles of measurement of pressure, level, temperature, and flow; the fundamentals of control, including tuning loops; and, an overview of advanced process control principles. The student will learn how identify, select and size control valves and to also have the knowledge to apply MATLAB/SIMULAB tools for different applications.
On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:
- Evaluate and apply the principles of measurement science.
Bloom's level 5
- Specify, design, install, commission, and troubleshoot a range of instrumentation systems.
Bloom's Level 6
- Identify, select, size and maintain control valves for different applications.
Bloom's Level 4
- Evaluate the fundamentals of control and control systems.
Bloom's Level 5
- Assess and apply MATLAB and SIMULINK tools in control applications.
Bloom's level 5
- Examine the procedures used in loop tuning.
Bloom's Level 4
|Assessment Type||When assessed||Weighting (% of total unit marks)||Learning Outcomes Assessed|
Type: Weekly Quizzes (Topic 2-11)
Students may complete quizzes with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts
Type: Test (Invigilated)
Topic: Control valve sizing and selection, control basics.
Students will need to answer short questions and provide solutions to simple problems on the listed topics.
|Due after Topic 6||20%||3, 4|
Type: Practical (Report)
Topic: Closed loop stability, configurations, MATLAB, SIMULAB
Students use software to complete a practical. May include report component as well.
|Due after Topic 10||25%||4, 5|
Type: Exam (Invigilated)
An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours.
|Final Week||40%||1 to 6|
Attendance / Tutorial Participation
Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.
|Continuous||5%||1 to 6|
Prescribed and Recommended Readings
- Manesis, S and Nikolakopoulos, G 2018, Introduction to Industrial Automation, ISBN: 13: 978-1-3510-6908-3.
- Singh, SK 2010, Industrial Instrumentation and Control, 3rd edn, Tata McGraw, ISBN-13: 978-0070678200.
- Raymond F. Gardner, 2020, Introduction to Plant Automation and Controls, 1st edn, CRC Press, ISBN: 9781000204360.
- Frank Lamb, 2013, Industrial Automation, Hands-on, ISBN: 978-0-07-181647-2.
- Whitt, MD 2012. Successful Instrumentation and Control Systems Design, 2nd edn, ISA, ISBN 978-1-62198-550-1 Online version available at: http://app.knovel.com/hotlink/toc/id:kpSICSDE06/successful-instrumentation/successful-instrumentation.
- Meier, FA. Meier, CA. 2011. Instrumentation and Control Systems Documentation, 2nd edn. ISA. Online version available at: http://app.knovel.com/hotlink/toc/id:kpICSDE006/instrumentation-control/instrumentation-control.
Peer reviewed Journals
Knovel library: http://app.knovel.com
IDC Technologies publications
Other material and online collections as advised during the lectures
One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.
Introduction to Measurement Science
- Fundamentals of measurement science (static characteristics calibration, accuracy, precision, repeatability; dynamic characteristics (response speed, lag, dynamic error, etc.)
- Statistical analysis
- Units and standards (unit conversion and some fundamental mathematics such as errors, correction factors, curve fitting, and so on)
Pressure measurement and analytical analysis
- Pressure units, characteristics, and types of pressure (Gauge, absolute, vacuum, etc.)
- Methods of pressure measurement, calibration (manometers, force balance, etc.)
Temperature measurement and analytical analysis
- Temperature and Level measurement (direct and indirect methods, sight glass, float-type air bellows, calibration, maintenance, and repair, etc.)
- Temperature scales, fixed points
- Methods, characteristics, calibration (Thermometers, electrical temperature measurement, Pyrometers, fibre optic systems, etc.)
Flow measurement and analytical analysis
- Flow measurement (inferential, quantity, mass)
- Inferential flow methods and characteristics (variable head, magnetic, target, turbine, thermal, ultrasonic, etc.)
- Quantity methods and characteristics (positive displacement, metering)
- Mass flow methods and characteristics, calibration, maintenance and repair
Control Valve Sizing, Selection and Maintenance
- Control valves theory
- Valve types, materials and characteristics
- High-pressure drop applications, and sizing
- Actuators and positioners
- Installation and maintenance
- Quality standards (ASME, NACE, ISO9000, etc.)
Fundamental of Process Control
- Process control (on/off, modulation, feed-forward, feedback, PID: P, I, D, and PID actions)
Tuning Control Loops (1)
- Fundamentals of tuning loops (PID controllers and modes, load disturbances and offsets, speed, and stability issues, etc.)
- Tuning control loops (PID controller (ZN, Simplified lambda))
- Automated tuning (Self tuning and Adaptive control)
- Tuning value controllers (Hysteresis, striction)
Tuning Control Loops (2)
- Tuning complex systems (Multivariate, ratio, feed-forward, cascade and interactive loops)
- Tuning valve controller
Introduction to Matlab Control Toolbox and Simulink
- Principles of Matlab and exercises in scripting
- Block diagram models and transfer function manipulation
- Frequency response testing methods
Signal conditioning and error
- Characteristics and linearization
- Pneumatic signal conditioning
- Electrical signal conditioning
- Humidity, Density and Viscosity
- pH measurement devices and applications
- Gas and chemical sensors and smoke detectors in industry
- Position sensors
- Force, torques, load cells and balances
Instrumentation standard (safety instrumented systems), documentation and Symbols (Alarm and trip systems and documentation, PFD, and P&ID diagrams)
- Software: MATLAB/SIMULINK
- Version: Student version
- Instructions: N/A
- Additional resources or files: N/A