Last Updated S022021


Unit Name Engineering Design and Drawing
Unit Code BSC203C
Unit Duration 1 Semester

Bachelor of Science (Engineering)

Duration 3 years    

Year Level Two
Unit Creator / Reviewer Dr. Arti Siddhpura
Core/Elective: Core
Pre/Co-requisites Nil
Credit Points


Total Course Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery Online or on-campus. 
Unit Workload (Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery)
Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours
Tutorial – 1.5 hours
Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours
Personal Study recommended – 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims

The objective in presenting this unit is to provide students with the fundamentals of design concepts including material selection; stress equations; loading types; failure theories; design methodologies based on strength and stiffness; and, design for different load conditions. Students will also be familiarized with various design codes and standards.

Additionally, the subject matter covered in this unit will include the background of basic dimensioning and visualization principles in engineering drawings; freehand sketching and drawing of basic geometrical constructions; and, an introduction to Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) packages and their applications, including a demonstration of their use. Students will also be instructed on developing their ability to visualize and communicate three-dimensional shapes, draw orthographic, and isometric projections and create 2D and 3D models using CAD.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Evaluate the basic principles and methodologies in engineering design.
    Bloom's Level 5
  2. Develop an understanding of basic drawing concepts such as size, layout, dimensioning, scales, and visualization.
    Bloom's Level 2
  3. Perform freehand sketching.
    Bloom's Level 3
  4. Draw basic geometrical constructions and engineering curves.
    Bloom's Level 3
  5. Create orthographic projection of points, lines, plane surfaces, solids and simple objects.
    Bloom's Level 6
  6. Using CAD, complete projection of solids and development of surfaces and create 2D and 3D models.
    Bloom's Level 6
  7. Convert isometric projection to orthographic projection.
    Bloom's Level 3

Student assessment

Assessment Type When assessed Weighting (% of total unit marks) Learning Outcomes Assessed

Assessment 1
Type: Multi-choice test 

Example Topic: Basic Concepts in Engineering Drawings, Sketching

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts.

 After Topic 3  10%  2

Assessment 2 - 

Type: Mid-semester Test

Example Topics: Curves used in Engineering Practice,

Orthographic Projection and Projection of Points, Projection of Lines and Planes

Students may provide solutions to simple problems on various topics

After Topic 6 25% 4, 5

Assessment 3

Type: Practical 

Example Topics: Projection of planes, solids, development of surfaces, sections of solids, Isometric Projection.

Students may complete this project using SolidWorks through the remote lab.

After Topic 11 20% 6, 7

Assessment 4

Type: Final Examination

All topics

An examination with a mix of theoretical short/detailed answer questions and simple engineering drawing problems to be completed in 3 hours

Exam week 40% 1 to 7

Tutorial attendance 

Continuous 5% 1 to 7


Prescribed and Recommended Readings

Suggested Textbook(s)

  • D. K. Lieu, S. Sorby, Visualization, Modelling, and Graphics for Engineering Design, 2nd Edition. Cengage Learning, 2016. ISBN-13: 9781285172958 
  • M. H. Annaiah, B. S. Prem Kumar, C. N. Chandrappa, Engineering Drawing (PB). Delhi: SCIENTIFIC, 2016.
  • M. Lombard, SolidWorks 2013 Bible, 1st Edition. Wiley, 2013. ISBN: 978-1118508398

Reference Materials

Norton, RL 2010, Machine Design: an Integrated Approach, 4th edn, Pearson Higher Ed USA, ISBN 13: 978-0131384385
Bhatt, N. D. 2010, Engineering Drawing, plane and solid geometry, 5th Edition, Charotar Publishing House, ISBN-13: 978-9380358178

Journal, website

Peer-reviewed journals and websites (advised during lectures)

Unit Content 

Topic 1

Basic Concepts in Engineering Drawings, Sketching

1. Drawing Instruments, Scales, Layout
2. Lines, lettering and Dimensioning
3. Sketching in the Engineering Design Process
4. Sketching Lines
5. Sketching Curved Entities
6. Coordinate Systems
7. Isometric Sketches of Simple Objects
8. Oblique Pictorials
9. Sketching Complex Objects
10. Strategies for Simple Pictorial Sketches

Topic 2

Curves used in Engineering Practice

1. Introduction
2. Conic Sections (Ellipse, parabola, hyperbola)
3. Tangents and Normals to Conic Sections
4. Cycloidal Curves
5. Involute
6. Evolutes
7. Spirals
8. Helix
9. Cam

Topic 3

Orthographic Projection and Projection of Points

1. Introduction
2. Planes of Projection
3. Four quadrants
4. Reference Line
5. First Angle Projection
6. Third Angle Projection
7. Representation of First and Third Angle Projection Methods
8. Projection of points

Topic 4

Projection of Lines and Planes

1. Projection of Line parallel to one or both the planes
2. Projection of line contained by one or both the planes
3. Projection of Line perpendicular to the planes
4. Projection of Line inclined to one plane and parallel to the other
5. Projections of Lines inclined to both planes
6. Projection of Auxiliary planes
7. Types of planes
8. Perpendicular planes
9. Oblique planes
10. Traces of Planes
11. Projection of planes parallel to the one of the reference planes
12. Projection of planes inclined to one reference plane
13. Projection of oblique planes

Topic 5

Projection of Solids, Sectioned Solids and Development of Surfaces

1. Types of solids
2. Projection of solids with axes inclined to one of the reference planes and parallel to the other
3. Projection of solids with axes inclined to both reference planes
4. Projection of spheres
5. Introduction to section drawings
6. Section of solids
7. True shape of section
8. Section of prisms and pyramids
9. Section of cylinders and cones
10. Methods of Development of Surfaces
11. Development of Prisms and Pyramids
12. Developments of Cylinders and Cones

Topic 6

Isometric Projection

1. Introduction
2. Isometric axes, lines, and planes
3. Isometric scale
4. Isometric Graph
5. Isometric drawing of planes or plane figure
6. Isometric drawing of solids (prism, cylinder, sphere, etc)

Topic 7

Introduction to Engineering Design and Solid Modelling

1. Basic principles and methodologies in engineering design.
2. Phases and Interactions of the Design Process
3. Design Considerations
4. Design Tools and Resources
5. Standards and Codes
6. Safety and Product Liability
7. Stress and Strength
8. Dimensions and Tolerances
9. Material Strength and Stiffness
10. Tools for Developing Your Design Idea
11. Solid Modelling
12. Parametric Solid Model
13. Making It Precise
14. Strategies for Combining Profile Constraints
15. Breaking It Down into Features
16. More Ways to Create Sophisticated Geometry
17. The Model Tree
18. Families of Parts
19. Strategies for Making a Model

Topic 8

Assembly Modelling And Visualization Techniques

1. Introduction
2. Assembly Terminology
3. Assembly Hierarchy
4. Assembly Constraints
5. Exploded Configurations
6. Interferences and Clearances
7. Assembly Strategy
8. Strategy for Bottom-up Assembly Modelling
9. Introduction
10. Development of Spatial Skills
11. Types of Spatial Skills
12. Assessing Spatial Skills
13. Isometric Corner Views of Simple Objects
14. Object Rotations about a Single Axis
15. Rotation about Two or More Axes
16. Reflections and Symmetry
17. Cross Sections of Solids
18. Combining Solids
19. Strategies for Developing 3-D Visualization Skills

Topic 9

Introduction to SolidWorks Basics

1. Introducing SolidWorks
2. Navigating the SolidWorks interface
3. Working with sketches
4. Creating simple parts and drawings
5. Using visualization techniques

Topic 10

Building Intelligence into your parts and working with assemblies

1. Modelling with primary features
2. Selecting secondary features
3. Patterning and mirroring
4. Working with part configurations
5. Building efficient assemblies
6. Working with assembly sketches and layouts
7. Using assembly tools

Topic 11

Creating Drawings

1. Automating Drawings: The basics
2. Working with drawing views
3. Using annotations and symbols
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing
5. Using layers, line fonts and colours
6. Working with tables and drawings


Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week students will also have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort. Unit Review
In the final week students will also have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

Software/Hardware Used


  • Software: SolidWorks

  • Version: 2016 x 64

  • Instructions: N/A

  • Additional resources or files: N/A


  • N/A