|Unit Name||Structural Analysis|
|Unit Duration||1 Term (online) or 1 Semester (on-campus)|
Graduate Diploma of Engineering (Civil: Structural)
Duration: 1 year
Master of Engineering (Civil: Structural)
Duration: 2 years
|Unit Creator / Reviewer||Dr Medhat Boutros & Dr Muhammad Rahman / Dr. Milind Siddhpura|
Grad Dip total course credit points = 24
(3 credits x 8 (units))
Masters total course credit points = 48
(3 credits x 12 (units) + 12 credits (Thesis))
|Mode of Delivery||Online or on-campus.|
10 hours per week:
Lecture – 1 hour
Tutorial – 1 hour
Practical / Lab – 1 hour (where applicable)Personal Study recommended – 7 hours (guided and unguided)
Unit Description and General Aims
This unit introduces stiffness (displacement) analysis procedures of statically indeterminate structures.
First, the basic principles for structural analysis and the basic operations of the matrix algebra are reviewed.
Then, longhand solutions are practised using matrix analysis and successive corrections (moment distribution) in the analysis of plane skeletal structures. Commercial structural analysis software SPACE GASS is then used for the analyse structures.
Finally, the Finite Element method is introduced with particular focus on the formulation of stiffness matrix equations using constitutive relations and shape functions for spring, bar and beam elements. Finite Element software is then used to analyse practical structures with emphasis on modelling techniques and accuracy.
On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:
- Evaluate beams and frames using the matrix stiffness method.
- Bloom’s Level 5
- Evaluate beams and frames using the moment-distribution method.
- Bloom’s Level 5
- Determine and derive stiffness and load matrices using Finite Element procedures.
- Bloom’s Level 5
- Synthesis 3D structures using Finite Element software.
- Bloom’s Level 6
(e.g. Assignment - 2000 word essay (specify topic)Examination (specify length and format))
When assessed(eg Week 5)
|Weighting (% of total unit marks)||Learning Outcomes Assessed|
Type: Multi-choice test (Proctored) / Group work / Short answer questions / Role Play / Self-Assessment / Presentation
Example Topic: Analysis of beams and frames using the stiffness matrix method.
|After Topic 5||15%||1|
Type: Proctored test / Report / Research / Paper / Case Study / Site Visit / Problem analysis / Project / Professional recommendation
Example Topic: Analysis of beams and frames using the moment-distribution method.
|After Topic 7||25%||2|
Type: Project Report / Remote Lab Practical or Software Simulation or Case studies.
Word length: 3000
Example Topic: Analysis of trusses and beam using the finite element method and/or the finite element software.
|25%||3 - 4|
Type: Project Report
Word length: 4000
Example Topic: Analyse frames/beams using Finite Element software - in each case describe and discuss:
|After Topic 12||30%||3 - 4|
|Continuous||5%||1 - 4|
Prescribed and Recommended readings
- R. C. Hibbeler, Structural Analysis, 10th Edition. Pearson, 2019 - ISBN: 9781292247236
- Ghali, A.; Neville, A.M. and Brown, T.G.; “Structural Analysis: a unified classical and matrix approach” 7th edition; Taylor and Francis, 2017
- Kassimali A., “Structural Analysis”, 5th edition, Cengage Learning, 2015
- Cook, R. D., Malkus, D. S., Plesha, M. E., and Witt, R. J., “Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis”, 4th edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
- Kenneth Derucher, Chandrasekhar Putcha, Uksun Kim; “Indeterminate structural analysis”, Chapter 3.
A number of peer-reviewed journals and websites as advised below (and during lectures);
- National and international technical journals: Finite Elements in Analysis and Design(https://www.journals.elsevier.com/finite-elements-in-analysis-and-design)
- Specific material to be advised during the lectures.
One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.
- Basic principles of structural analysis
- Basic operations of matrix algebra
Stiffness Matrix Method (Part 1):
- Fundamentals of the stiffness matrix method
- Derivation of the stiffness matrices for beam elements
- Analysis of beams using the stiffness matrix method
Stiffness Matrix Method (Part 2):
- Analysis of frames using the stiffness matrix method.
- BMD & SFD of Frame
Stiffness Matrix Method (Part 3):
- Analysis of frames using SPACE GASS (Part 1)
- Analysis of frames using SPACE GASS (Part 2)
Moment-Distribution Method (Part 1):
- Introduction and definition of terms
- Basic concept of the Moment-Distribution Method
Moment-Distribution Method (Part 2):
- Analysis of frames: without sidesway
- BMD & SFD of without sidesway frame
Moment-Distribution Method (Part 3):
- Analysis of frames: with sidesway
- BMD & SFD of with sidesway frame
Introduction to Finite Element Analysis (Part 1):
- Fundamentals of the finite element analysis
- Formulation of the stiffness matrix for the spring element
- Examples: spring element
Application of the finite element method using commercial software:
- Assessment of the results and their accuracy.
Introduction to Finite Element Analysis (Part 2):
- Formulation of the stiffness matrix for the bar element
- Examples: bar element
Introduction to Finite Element Analysis (Part 3):
- Formulation of the stiffness matrix for the beam element
- Examples: beam element
Project and Unit Review
In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work, to clarify any outstanding issues, and to work on finalising the major assessment report.
The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Professional Engineer, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.
|Stage 1 Competencies and Elements Competency|
|1.||Knowledge and Skill Base|
|1.1||Comprehensive, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the engineering discipline.|
|1.2||Conceptual understanding of the mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the engineering discipline.|
|1.3||In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the engineering discipline.|
|1.4||Discernment of knowledge development and research directions within the engineering discipline.|
|1.5||Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the engineering discipline.|
|1.6||Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the specific discipline.|
|2.||Engineering Application Ability|
|2.1||Application of established engineering methods to complex engineering problem solving.|
|2.2||Fluent application of engineering techniques, tools and resources.|
|2.3||Application of systematic engineering synthesis and design processes.|
|2.4||Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of engineering projects.|
|3.||Professional and Personal Attributes|
|3.1||Ethical conduct and professional accountability.|
|3.2||Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.|
|3.3||Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanor.|
|3.4||Professional use and management of information.|
|3.5||Orderly management of self and professional conduct.|
|3.6||Effective team membership and team leadership.|
Software: SPACE GASS and ABAQUS
Version: Student version
Additional resources or files: