Last Updated S022021

MPE504

Unit Name Transport Phenomena and Fluid Flow
Unit Code MPE504
Unit Duration 1 Semester
Award

Master of Engineering (Chemical and Process)

Duration 2 years    

Graduate Certificate in Chemical and Process Engineering

Duration 6 months

Year Level One
Unit Creator / Reviewer N/A
Core/Elective: Core
Pre/Co-requisites Nil
Credit Points

3

Mode of Delivery Online 
Unit Workload

10 hours per week:10 hours per week:

Lecture - 1 hourTutorial Lecture - 1 hours

Practical / Lab - 1 hour (where applicable)

Personal Study recommended - 7 hours (guided and unguided)

Unit Description and General Aims

Transport phenomena describes the process in which mass, momentum, angular momentum, and energy move about within matter. This discipline includes diffusional phenomena, fluid dynamics, and heat transport. One can examine this subject from a molecular (kinetic theory), microscopic (continuum mechanics), or macroscopic aspect (equipment description).Transport phenomena describes the process in which mass, momentum, angular momentum, and energy move about within matter. This discipline includes diffusional phenomena, fluid dynamics, and heat transport. One can examine this subject from a molecular (kinetic theory), microscopic (continuum mechanics), or macroscopic aspect (equipment description).

In a practical sense, transport phenomena describes the heat and momentum transfer from rotating equipment to effect the movement of fluids (liquids, gases, semi-solid materials) in pipes, ducts, and large spaces. 

The general aim in the study of this unit is to give students the ability to estimate the changes in heat and momentum as part of transport phenomena and fluid flow, and to specify rotating equipment, pipe/duct work, and other equipment to meet the requirements of a particular process system.

Mixing of fluids, multi-phase flows, transporting of solids by pneumatics, slurries, and other related phenomena are also covered in this unit, thus enabling students to design fluid transport systems for the many types of materials that are expected to be encountered within a process plant.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

1. Assess the rate of heat transfer and loss from the movement of fluids and apply this knowledge to practical applications;

 2. Estimate the momentum losses in the transport of fluids in pipes, ducts, and spaces and apply this knowledge to practical applications;

3. Comprehend the effect on heat and momentum transfer based on the thermodynamic and physical properties of the fluids being transported and apply this knowledge to practical applications;

4. Display sound technical communications skills in this area of expertise.

Student assessment

  

Assessment Type

(e.g. Assignment - 2000 word essay (specify topic)

Examination (specify length and format))

When assessed

(eg Week 5)

Weighting

(% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test

Word length: n/a

Questions from the content covered over the first four weeks of instruction. This comprises the foundation of the unit material.

Week 5

20%

1, 2

Assessment 2

Type: Report (Midterm Project)

[This will include a progress report; literature review, hypothesis, and methodology / conclusions]

Word length: 2000

Topic: Undertake the fluid flow design for a batch process system where fluid flows may progress from empty pipe through to variable, multi-phase pipe flows (concept design). [This topic could change as determined by the lecturer]

Week 9

25%

1, 2, 3

Assessment 3

Type: Report (Final Project)

[If a continuation of the midterm, this should complete the report by adding sections on: methodology, implementation / evaluation, verification / validation, conclusion / challenges and recommendations / future work. If this is a new report, all headings from the midterm and the final reports must be included.]

Word length: 4000

Topic: Continuation/ expansion of the design undertaken in Assessment 2 (detailed design).

Alternatively, undertake the detailed design of a fluid flow process ensuring that all unit topics are addressed within the design: fluid motion; flow in ducts/ pipes and enclosures; transient flow in external systems; heat and mass transfer; and, multi-phase flow.

[These topic choice could change as determined by the lecturer]

Week 12

35%

1 – 4

Practical Participation (online/simulation)

Demonstrate familiarity with principles and reporting

Continuous

15%

3

Attendance

Continuous

5%        

1 – 4

Prescribed and Recommended readings

Suggested Textbook

  • Larry A. Glasgow, An Introduction to Advanced Topics, John Wiley, 2010, ISBN: 978-0-470-38174-8.

Reference Materials

  • The details of a number of useful peer-reviewed journals, websites, and other references are provided as follows:

    • Derek B Ingham, I. Pop, Transport Phenomena in Porous Media, Pergamon, 1998, ISBN: 0080428436;
    • R Byron Bird, Transport phenomena, Appl. Mech. Rev 55(1), R1-R4 (Jan 01, 2002), doi:10.1115/1.1424298;
    • Carslaw and Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids (1959)(ISBN 0198533683);
    • Kays, Crawford, and Weigand, Convective Heat and Mass Transfer, 4th Ed., Mcgraw-Hill;
    • John Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion, Oxford Science Publications, ISBN:0198534116

Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.

 

Topic 1 and 2

Fluid Motion

  1. Rationale for this unit
  2. Dimensional equations of state
  3. Boundary layer theory
  4. Non-Newtonian fluids
  5. Highly viscous materials

Topic 3, 4 & 5

Flow in Ducts/ Pipes and Enclosures

  1. Transient flow modelling
  2. Flow in ducts and pipes
  3. Flow in annulus
  4. Non-uniform ducts and pipes
  5. Flow in open channels
  6. Flow in micro spaces

Topic 6 & 7

Transient Flow in External Systems

  1. Transient flow modelling
  2. Diffusion mass transfer
  3. Convection heat transfer  

Topic 8, 9 & 10

Heat and Mass Transfer

  1. Mass transfer in well characterised flows
  2. Thin film theory of simultaneous heat and mass transfer
  3. Transfer under transient flow conditions
  4. Chemical reactions under flow conditions (mass /phase changes)

 

Topic 11

Multi-Phase Flow

  1. Liquid-liquid flow
  2. Liquid-gas flow
  3. Liquid-solid flow
  4. Gas-solid flow
  5. Liquid-gas-solid flow
  6. Combination, multi-phase flows

Topic 12

Transient Flow Conditions

  1. Rapid pressure changes
  2. Cavitation
  3.  Water Hammer
  4. Surging
  5. Pressure waves

Software/Hardware Used

Software

  •  Additional resources or files: N/A

Hardware

  • Hardware: N/A